Questions… ? Hadrian’s Wall.

Watch the segment “Hadrian’s Wall” and answer these questions:

  1. What was the problem foreseen by Hadrian? He may be unable to maintain his borders
  2. What problems were the soldiers facing in the Northern part of Britain? They were frozen in winter and there were barbarian incursions.
  3. What was Hadrian’s conclusion after visiting the front line?  Hadrian realize that the soldiers did not works as mush as he wanted.
  4. Complete the following sentences:

Today Hadrian’s wall has been reduced to it’s a._________foundation_______

It once b._______towered_____15 feet high

…with c._______parapets______rising an additional 6 feet above that

a 9 feet d.____ditch_______was dug at its base

…forcing the potential  invaders to e._30____ f._____foot___ climb

  1. What was the main problem during the construction of the wall, from an engineering point of view? how to get material to the construction site.
  2. How many men were needed to move heavy rocks to the construction site? 3 legions
  3. What was the purpose of the mile castles? they were guard post able to house 60 troops
  4. What buildings were found in each superfort? temple, hospital assembly hall, bath houses
  5. How long did it take to complete Hadrian’s barrier? 5 years

Roman Roads (summary)

Imagen

 

The Roman Army needed better roads to keep the Britons under control, furthermore, the roman generals needed good path to send orders to the roman soldiers, apart from that, the roads were important for moving supplies food and weapons to the soldiers, in peace of time good safe road mean more taxes for the Emperador.

So how did the romans manage to build such straight roads?
The engineers used “the Groma”, that were a pair of boards fastened together onto a cross shape, besides, line with weight were hung in every corner to get a straight line by lining up the weights with a pole, in addition, in forest areas, they built fires in a straight line, because they wanted to use the smoke as a marker for the groma.